NDU JOURNAL

Publication Ethical Policies

  1. Obligations of the Editor
    • Neutrality   The intellectual content of submitted manuscripts is evaluated is evaluated regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, ethnicity, political philosophy of the authors.
    • Confidentiality   All manuscripts will be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to anyone without the permission of the editor. Managers and editorial staff will not disclose information about the manuscript submitted to anyone except the author, reviewers and potential reviewers.
    • Disclosure of Information and Conflicts of Interest   Unpublished data contained in the submitted manuscript will not be used by editors or reviewers in their own research without the explicit consent of the author.
    • Decision on Publication   The editor of Journal will decides on the publication of submitted articles. The editor is guided by the Editorial and Advisory Board. Before publishing Editor will take into account the legal obligations regarding defamation, copyrights and plagiarism. The editor can share the decision with other members of the Editorial Board, Advisory Board or with reviewers. In the event of an rejection of article by reviewer, the editor may solicit two new reviewers.
  2. Obligations of Reviewers
    • Editorial Decisions  Reviewers assist the editorial staff in making decisions and may also assist the author to improve the quality of the manuscript.
    • Delays and Deadlines  When a reviewer does not feel competent enough to evaluate the research presented in the manuscript, or if he finds himself unable to provide his report in time, he must inform the editor without delay in order to give him time to contact other reviewers.  
    • Standards of Objectivity, Civility and Respect   The reports must be objective. Personal remarks and criticisms directed at the author or hurtful remarks directed at the text content are not eligible. The opinion of the reviewer must be clear, well-argued and respectful of the author.
    • Indication of Sources   The reviewer must identify appropriate publications not cited by the author. Any such indication must be accompanied by an appropriate comment. The reviewer should draw the editor's attention to any similarity, any overlap between the manuscript and previously published data.
    • Disclosure of Information and Conflicts of Interest   Information and ideas obtained through anonymous replay are confidential and should not be used for the personal benefit of the reviewer. Reviewers should not accept reviewing manuscripts where this may result in a conflict of interest arising from competitive, collaborative or other relationships with the authors.
  3. Obligations of the Authors
    • Information Validity   The information contained in the manuscripts submitted for publication must present the results of the authors’ research as well as an objective discussion of these results and their importance. The underlying data must be presented correctly. Fraudulent and consciously inaccurate information is considered unethical and unacceptable. The identification of research done by others must always be given. Authors should cite the publications that influenced the study in question.
    • Originality and Plagiarism   Authors must ensure that they have written a completely original study, and if they have used other people’s books or statements, they must be properly cited. Similarity index must be less than 19% and single source similarity index must not be more than 4 %. 
    • Multiple publications   An author should not submit manuscripts representing the same study to more than one journal (or book). Submitting the same manuscript in more than one journal is unethical and unacceptable. The journal Organization does not accept articles originally published in languages other than English. In these cases, the authors must give the reference of the first publication and be free from the copyright of the original publisher.
    • Paternity of the Manuscript   Only authors who have made a significant contribution to the study in question are considered to be authors. All those who contributed to the study must be present in the list of authors. If other people have been involved in some aspects of the research project, they should be mentioned in the acknowledgments. The lead author must ensure that all co-authors and only they are included in the list of authors of the manuscript, that the co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript, and that they have agreed to submission of the manuscript.
    • Disclosure of Information and Conflicts of Interest   All authors must indicate, as a result of their biographical presentation, any conflicts of interest that may affect their proposed publication. Funding for research projects that made the study possible must be indicated.
    • Errors in Publishing   If the author discovers an important error or an inaccuracy in its publication, its obligation is to quickly inform the editor and to consider, in agreement with the person in charge, the withdrawal of the article or the publication of the information about the error.
    • Statement of Informed Consent   Researchers have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the selected population gives written informed consent for publication. Researcher should ensure autonomy regarding the original identities.
    • Ethics/Institutional Review Board Approval of Research   Authors should be able to submit, upon request, a statement from the research ethics committee or institutional review board indicating approval of the research. If the study was not submitted to a research ethics committee or institutional review board, authors may need to provide documentation to prove that not seeking review for the study was in accordance with the policy of your institution. Details of the ethical approval status of the research must be described in the methods section of the paper.
    • Authors to ensure that, the manuscript contains nothing that is abusive, defamatory, libelous, obscene, fraudulent, or illegal, anti-Armed forces, anti-government, anti-institution / university, anti-government departments.
National Defence University, Islamabad