- Author Guidelines The general guidelines for the authors are appended below:
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||1 inch on each side
|Biographic Sketch of Author:
|Referencing: (Endnotes only)
||(Endnotes only) The Chicago Manual of Style (17th Edition) specimen online available at www.lib.voguelph.ca/assistance/writing-services & www.cooklibrary.Towson.edu
|Soft copy to be sent:
|Hard copy to be sent :
||Editor, NDU Journal, ISSRA, NDU E-9, Islamabad
- Submission Guidelines All manuscripts must be submitted electronically through on editor email address (firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Articles shall be in MS-Word, duly formatted according to the guidelines and publication policy of the NDU Journal.
- Only Electronic submission (Soft Form) of manuscripts is accepted, and the corresponding text, tables, and figures shall be drafted in a single Microsoft Word file Manuscripts shall be submitted through email.
- Title: The title of the article should be bold, centered and typed in capital letters (in 14 point) Constantia.
- Author(s) Details These author(s) details should be in (10 point) Arial Font and should be centered below the title.
- Full Name
- Name of the Organization
- Contact No
- E-mail ID
- Abstract: All manuscripts must be accompanied by a brief abstract. Abstract should not exceed 250 words. It should be properly formatted as justified in Italicized text in Constantia. It should highlight Research Background, Methodology, Major Finding(s) and Conclusion in brief.
- Key Words: Authors must mention 3-7 key words. Key words should be listed alphabetically, separated by commas, and full stop at the end.
- Page Setup: Size of the page should have 7 inches width and 9.5 inches height with 1-inch margin on all four sides. Header and Footer Layout should be 0.5 inches from edge.
- Manuscript: Manuscripts must be in between 3500 – 5500 words (all inclusive). It should be 1.0 line spaced, Constantia, 12 points with. Utmost care should be taken to avoid any spelling or grammatical errors (it is advised to get your draft reviewed from an English language expert before submission).
- Tables and Figures/Images: All important tables and figures/images should be incorporated into the body of the paper. Heading of the Table should be in Constantia, Bold, 10 points and 0.25 inches indent (Left). Heading of the Figure/Images should also be of the same specifications as Tables but below the Image/Figure and Centrally Aligned.
- References: All references should be listed alphabetically at the end of the article using Chicago Manual (17th edition) style only.
- Author(s) Biography: Every author must submit a brief biography, a photograph along with the Copyright Agreement form.
- Language: Manuscripts should be typed in MS Word, in English language and should be furnished online only via e-mail (in attachment).
- Length of Paper: The length of the paper should not exceed the maximum limit of the words i.e. 5500 words (Minimum 4500 Words). Paper containing more than 5500 words will be returned to the author(s) for abridgement. Articles should be typed in double-space (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.
- Instructions about Title Page: The title page is generally a separate page and comes before the text of the manuscript. It should include following details in the given sequence.
- Title Title of your work should be very concise and meaningful, explicitly covering the contents of the paper because titles are often used to search the required contents by the users so avoid using formulas, abbreviations and jargons where possible.
- Author(s) Name and Affiliation : Author(s) name should be written clearly along with family name. Right below the author name, mention author's affiliation & address i.e. where the actual work was done. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Also should be included in this part the full postal addresses of author's each affiliation which include city and country name, and, if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.
- Corresponding Author Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
- Sponsoring Information If the submitted research work is sponsored or supported in any way by an organization or an NGO, please mention it clearly.
- Abstract Your research work should be accompanied by an abstract which should not exceed 250 words. This abstract should entail the purpose of the study, methodology employed and findings of the study. Abstracts are often presented separate from the article / manuscript so it must be written in a way that it is able to stand alone.
- Keywords Right after the abstract, write down a maximum of 3-7 keywords. Try to avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for instance, 'and', 'of'). Be very careful while using abbreviations in keywords; use only those abbreviations which are resolutely recognized in the field of study.
- Subdivision of the Manuscript Authors are hereby advised to clearly divide their articles / manuscripts into defined and numbered sections. Sub-sections should also be numbered like 1., 2., (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. (except the abstract which is not included in section numbering).
- Figure Legends, Figures and Schemes Authors should include these, in this sequence, at the end of their articles / manuscripts. The files having high-resolution graphics must be provided separate from the main body of the article / manuscript.
- Tables Tables should also be presented at the end of the article. Kindly, note that tables should be numbered one after the other according to their appearance in the text. Description of the tables should be presented right above the body of the table. Do not convert Tables into images before incorporating. Where possible, avoid vertical rules. Kindly make sure that data presented in the table do not duplicate the results presented in the manuscript elsewhere.
- Formula The text size of the formula, if any, should be similar to the normal text size of the manuscript.
- References It is the sole responsibility of the author(s) to be sure of the accuracy of bibliographic citations following the latest edition of Chicago Manual.
- Citations in the Text Kindly make sure that every reference cited in the text should also be presented in the reference list and vice versa. Authors should avoid using citations in the abstract of the manuscript. Personal communications and unpublished results should not be included in the reference list at the end of the manuscript but may be presented in the text. 'In Press' article's citation of a reference means that the work has been accepted for publication somewhere.
- Citing and Listing of Web References Wherever an author faces a problem of citation of a web reference, please include the full URL as a minimum. Any other information, if known to the author, should also be presented. This information may be about the author names, date and reference to a source publication etc. For convenience of the authors and readers, web references can also be listed separately (for instance after the reference list) under the separate head if so desired by the author(s), or it can obviously be included in the reference list.
- Text in References Author(s) are advised to follow the referencing style used by Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.
- References List : References at the end of the manuscript should be arranged in an alphabetical sequence at the first place and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. If there are more than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year then it must be identified using the letters "a", "b", "c", etc.' which is written right after the year of publication.
- Tables and Figures
- Submit each table and figure on a separate page.
- Number tables and figures consecutively with Arabic numerals (Table 1, etc.) in order of citation in the text. The text should include references to all tables and figures.
- Excessive tabulation of data or large tables should be avoided.
- Each table and figure should have a brief and self-explanatory title. The title should be above the table or below the figure. Also provide a list of table and figure titles on a separate page.
- Tables should be presented in the simplest style. Vertical lines should not be used.
- Explanations should be given in footnotes with superscript italic Roman letters (a, b, c, etc.) at the bottom of the table, if it is necessary for the understanding of the table.
- Figures should be clearly legible when reduced to a single-column width.
- Color figures are to be avoided, unless paid for by the author.
- In the text, refer to figures as "Fig. (1)", or "Figs. 1(a) and (b)".
- The use of S.I. units throughout is highly recommended.
- Other metric units may be used with advance permission from the Editor-in-Chief.
- Define symbols (including Greek letters and other non-Latin symbols) at their first appearance in the text or in a separate list of notations.
- Use mathematics type if it is possible.
- At the first reference to a chemical compound, write the compound's name in full, followed by its abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter, use the abbreviation.
- Take care to clearly differentiate zero (0) and the letter (O), one (1) and the letter (l), times sign (') and the letter (x).
- All equations must be clearly typewritten.
- Subscripts and superscripts should be clearly legible.
- The meanings of all symbols must be defined immediately after the equation in which they are first used.
- Equations should be sequentially numbered in parentheses at the extremely right of the line, according to their appearance in the text.
- When referring to equations in the text, preface the number with the word "Eq." or "Eqs." and place the number within the bracket as Eq. (1), or Eqs. (1-4), etc.
National Defence University,